Diabetes type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes incidence has appeared to be most common in 3 types of diabetes: more than 15 million adults in the United States (Diabetes Care, 2000), 90-95% of the 21 million people get affected (Diabetes Health Care, 2011), in children, 8-45% is reported to have diabetes incidence and these statistic increase every year. Such undesirable fact has led to many intensive studies and nutritional diets aiming to find an appropriate method to reduce the risk of diabetes type 2 and control the blood’s sugar level of who already affected to diabetes.
Recent research of University of Toronto Department of Nutritional Sciences, St. Michael’s Hospital Risk Factor Modification Centre, has indicated that eating nuts daily can control diabetes type 2. Giving 3 different diet supplements for 3 groups of subject: muffins only for group 1, various kinds of nuts (pistachios, almonds, walnuts, pecans, macadamias peanuts, cashews and hazelnuts) for group 2, combination of nuts and muffins for group 3, evident differences in blood glucose have been reported: the group received only nuts appeared to have measurable improvement in glucose level, accompanied with LHD – the most dangerous kind of lipoprotein that causes blood clotting, sudden heart failure and other cardiovascular disease) reduction; the group received mixture of nuts and muffins also have lower serum LHD level while the remain group showed no specific improvement.
Various advantages of eating nuts every day to diabetes type 2 have been confirmed in many countries. According to public survey in Australia, women who use approximately 28g of nuts daily or 5 times serve a week could low up to 27% the risk of diabetes type 2 (Nuts For Life, 2011). Nuts contain many essential factors that play important roles in maintaining the normal body’s conditions: they are rich sources of healthy fats, fibre, plant sterols, high potassium, magnesium and low sodium. Particularly, nuts appear to be good support of vitamin E. Therefore, nuts have practical advantages to diabetes type 2 as:
Reduce the blood glucose level: high blood glucose level, especially after meals, is essentially contributes to diabetes type 2’s affection. In people whose clinical status is poor, high blood glucose level can cause damage to eyes (the most serious case is permanently blind), kidneys (kidney failure) and many internal systems.
Reduce the blood fats: abnormality in blood fats level is usually reported in diabetes type 2 patients: higher level of LHD and lower level of HDL cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: good for health and contribute to lower risk of coronary artery disease). Eating nuts regularly can control these levels and improve health’s condition in many other aspects.
Prevent heart disease, especially Hypertension: higher blood glucose level can lead to cardiovascular disease after a long time being under diabetes type 2 (30-50% diabetes type 2 patients have a risk of heart disease), particularly in women and elders. Hypertension (high blood pressure) also appears in 15% diabetes patients.
In conclusion, using nuts as daily serve is firmly proved to be a safe healthy way to control diabetes type 2 and other dangerous disease.